Art Extending Beyond the Finitude of Life
This year we are observing the centennial anniversary of an unusually large number of writers in the field of modern Korean literature: poets Pak Mogwol and Seo Jeong-ju; novelists Hwang Sun- Won, Lim Ok-in, and Lim Sun-deuk; playwright Ham Se-deok; children’s writer Kang So-cheon; and critic Kwak Jong-won. A hundred years ago, it was 1915, a time of unrelenting cruelty, five years into the annexation of Korea by Japan. These writers celebrated national liberation when they turned thirty, after passing their childhood and youth under Japanese occupation. They went on to endure the Korean War and the following times of great privation, and had to find a place for themselves and settle down within a new social system. Perhaps they were shackled to their fate—writing literature while surviving the course of such a hard life.
At the same time, however, their writing is the reason their names are remembered today. Because the contemporary historical background formed the basis of their lives and literature, the national character and the events of modern history could not but appear naturally in their work. As “the people’s teachers,” they wrote literature that commanded respect in a way that is difficult to imagine under today’s conditions. If literature could have been made to appear especially bright and luminous when reality meant crossing over a steep and ragged hill, then the line from an old poem has not led us wrong: “A country’s misfortune is a fortune for poets.”
The three representative figures from the group being honored are Pak Mogwol, Seo Jeong-ju, and Hwang Sun-Won. Pak Mogwol was a poet who never lost his abiding love and affection for humanity. He and his fellow poets from the “Green Deer Group” (Cheongnokpa) attended to the purity and beauty of their mother tongue when it was threatened by erasure. The emotional core of the people was given expression through Pak’s concise combinations of words. Meanwhile, Seo Jeong-ju was a poet who sublimated human lack within his literary aesthetic, and it was through his efforts that traditional emotions could be expressed in modern form. Among the writers discussed here, he is the shining star and eternal legend. Finally, there is Hwang Sun-Won, who was respected for his upstanding character to the same degree as he achieved fame as a writer. Following in the space created by the synergy of his character with the literary value of his fiction there have been many students and successors. Even as he wrote for sixty years and embraced the twists and turns of modern Korean history in his fictional world, his aesthetic was one of literary moderation and plenitude.